In Indian music, the Sargam system corresponds to the European Solfege system's names of the notes.
Here is a chart which shows the names of the degrees of the Bilawal 'That' [ parent scale ] in Sargam and the corresponding names of the degrees of the major scale in Solfege :
|1||Sadhjya||abbreviated as||Sa||corresponds to||Do|
|2||Reshab||abbreviated as||Re||corresponds to||Re|
|3||Gandhar||abbreviated as||Ga||corresponds to||Mi|
|4||Madhyam||abbreviated as||Ma||corresponds to||Fa|
|5||Pancham||abbreviated as||Pa||corresponds to||So|
|6||Dhaivat||abbreviated as||Dha||corresponds to||La|
|7||Nishad||abbreviated as||Ni||corresponds to||Ti|
A line below the note lowers the note by a half - step . This is known as a Komal swar :
A vertical line above the note raises the note by a half - step : . This is known as Tivra Ma.
A dot below the note means the note is in the register below middle Sa :
A dot above the note means the note is in the register above middle Sa :
The above chart shows the basic fingerings for the bansuri. This is for the Kalyan 'That', which corresponds to the Lydian mode in European music. [ A major scale with the fourth degree raised by a half - step.]
Sa [Do] is played with the first three finger holes closed.
On a bansuri with seven holes [as shown above] Tivra Ma  in the middle and upper octave can be fingered with all the finger holes closed or with all the finger holes open [ in the higher octave the first finger hole is uncovered ].
Shuddh [ lit.= pure ] Ma [ the unraised fourth degree ] and all other flattened notes [komal Re, komal Ga, komal Dha and komal Ni] are played by uncovering the necessary portion of the finger hole.